Hardwood

Hardwood comes from angiosperm, deciduous trees. And just like the name suggests, solid hardwood planks are created from a single, thick piece of solid wood and comes with a rough wood texture. Solid wood is by far a much better choice for homeowners. It may cost more than furniture made out of engineered wood but will last much longer making it much better value and generally it will retain its appearance, enabling it to be repaired or restored in years ahead. This plays a significant role in making solid wood furniture much more eco friendly with the proviso of it being sourced from managed forests.

But not all types of hardwood are ideal for furniture making. Being expensive, they are usually used in highend furniture manufacturing. The complex anatomical structure makes hardwood denser and more porous.

Typical examples of hardwood are:

Typical exotic woods:

Each have their own unique characteristics and by using certain types of wood finishing, their natural beauty can be enhanced to great effect.

Softwood

The relatively less complex anatomical structure makes softwood less dense and it comes from coniferous, evergreen trees. Not all types of hardwoods are ideal for furniture making. However, almost all types of softwoods are ideal for furniture making and come with fine wood texture. In fact, about 80% of all timber comes from softwood. The relatively less complex anatomical structure makes softwood less dense and non porous.

Softwood comes from coniferous, evergreen trees which are seed-bearing such as pine, spruce, fir, cedar, juniper, redwood, and yew. As most evergreen trees tend to be less dense than deciduous trees, it is easier to cut them down. They also grow tall and straight, making it easier to cut long straight planks of wood.