MDF furniture is manufactured with Medium Density Fibreboard which is an engineered wood composite. These boards are made of hardwood fibres that are bonded with synthetic resins under high temperature and pressure to create sheets of different thickness. The beauty and durability of natural wood components are not debatable. MDF board furniture; a popular alternative for solid wood components. MDF is manufactured from reprocessed fibre material that is compacted under extreme temperature with resin. MDF elements are less costly and more eco-friendly alternative for natural wood furniture.

Advantages of MDF


Size selection – there are varied MDF sizes, ranging from a thickness of 2mm to 60mm.

Smooth surface – during the MDF manufacturing the materials are highly pressed together to obtain flush and smooth boards. This makes it suitable for painting or applying veneers.

Consistent material – unlike solid wood, MDF boards lack directional grains, which gives it consistency. This property makes it ideal for cutting into intricate details without splinting.

Minimal or no warping concerns – MDF is less affected by weather fluctuations. It uniformly expands and contracts without grain opposition.

MDF components to be considered

The astounding beauty of real wood is incomparable with the appearance of MDF.

Constraints on the finish – unless the furniture is to be painted, it is not advisable to opt for MDF; it soaks up liquid and doesn’t tend to give the right colour effect.

MDF high absorbency results in it taking in water easily, making it swell and can compromise its structural integrity.

MDF board furniture durability is comparatively low in comparison to real wood furniture. The absence of directional grains also means its strength is compromised. To make MDF furniture strong the frames have to be made of un-engineered material such as wood.

Contains VOC’s – the glue used in MDF contains formaldehyde. During sanding the dust of this chemical is released and prolonged exposure to it could lead to health issues.